- A breath of fresh air in the product business
Since the beginning of the year, Kay Wieczorek has headed the Center of Competence (CoC) Product Business as Divisional Director. CoC Product Business is responsible for the Cement, Building Materials, Chemicals and FMCG divisions.
A new Approach to sharing the Burden of Carbon Dioxide Removal
A new Approach to sharing the Burden of Carbon Dioxide Removal (credits IIASA)
Carbon dioxide removal is key to meeting the climate goals outlined in the Paris Agreement. A new study analyzes what fair and equitable burden-sharing means for nature-based carbon dioxide removal in developing countries.
To have a chance to achieve the Paris Agreement’s goal of limiting global warming to 1.5–2°C compared to pre-industrial levels, it is clear that we will need to go beyond restricting emissions and actively focus on removing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. Discussions and studies on how countries should share the burden of carbon dioxide removal are however limited, and so far, mostly only concerned developed countries and major emitters. To deliver the global targets we need to extend analysis and discussions to developing economies as well.
In a new IIASA-led study, an international team of researchers analyzed carbon dioxide removal quotas for developing countries, while considering issues of equity and fairness. The study, published in the journal Nature-Based Solutions, employs a diverse set of allocation methods on a range of global emissions scenarios to address equitability in sharing the burden of climate change mitigation.
The allocation methods were based on extended equity principles compared to previous studies, adding the Right to Development principle to other principles of Responsibility, Equality, and Capacity. Based on these methods, the team distilled the global climate targets into national quotas and assessed the implications for developing countries.
Carbon dioxide removal can be achieved by either using technology and engineering methods, or through natural climate solutions, such as conservation, restoration, and improved land management. Given the large potential for natural climate solutions in tropical developing countries, the study focused on seven of these (Brazil, Colombia, Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), India, Indonesia, Malaysia, and Mexico) which together cover ∼35% of global cost-effective natural climate solutions potential.
“The study is unique because it looks at the issue from the perspective of developing countries. Because of this, the study has a far more rigorous methodology in evaluating potential carbon dioxide removal requirements compared to previous studies,” says Bintang Yuwono, co-lead author of the study and a researcher in the IIASA Biodiversity and Natural Resources Program. “The conclusions of the study point to a paradigm shift in using top-down burden-sharing approaches to inform climate change mitigation.”
The researchers found that the potential for carbon dioxide removal quotas for these seven countries ranged between 0.1–29 gigatons of carbon dioxide across the allocation scenarios. The results also revealed inherent bias and strong heterogeneity of quotas between the allocation methods, making agreement on an ‘equitable’ quota unlikely.
Moreover, the researchers also warned that if ambitious quotas are implemented in countries with vast forest areas, it might lead to competition between natural and non-nature-based solutions, to the detriment of emissions reduction, biodiversity, and the benefits that people can derive from nature. Therefore, it is important to not use these quotas to inform climate targets, but instead use the results to foster higher ambition in voluntary cooperation mechanisms.
“The research shows that fairness is not just important from an ethical perspective, but also contribute to more effective recommendations that address emission reductions from sustainable land management,” says Ping Yowargana study co-lead author, and a researcher in the IIASA Biodiversity and Natural Resources Program. “Manifesting ambition should go from top-down target setting on superficial parameters such as tons of carbon dioxide towards detailed deliberation of policy measures to address more fundamental issues. This, unfortunately, still requires a lot of hard work.”
Reference Yuwono, B., Yowargana, P., Fuss, S., Griscom, B. W., Smith, P., & Kraxner, F. (2022). Doin
Metso Outotec celebrated the inauguration of a new engineering center at Vadodara, Gujarat, in India, on January 17, 2023. The center will be continuously developed with the goal to expand its key capabilities in serving customers.
Global demand for raw materials is opening the door to a new market for Thordon Bearings, with one of the world’s largest mining companies, Grupo México, using the Canadian company’s grease-free and self-lubricating bearings in a myriad of pump and machinery applications.
Carbon is one of the most important building blocks of life. It serves as the basis of all natural materials and forms numerous bonds. When forests die, for example, CO2 enters the atmosphere and is bound by plants or rivers somewhere else. As a result, carbon is simply everywhere. And there's now more of it in the air than the natural cycle is able to neutralize. Carbo-Force GmbH has a strategy to counteract this: This startup from the northern German town of Preetz has developed groundbreaking plant for the carbonization of biomass. On January 1, 2023, Bauer Resources GmbH acquired 50% of the company's shares.
Optimisation of Salt Production at Heilbronn Mine using a Combination Approach to conventional Mining and mechanical Cutting
Heilbronn mine has been producing rock salt for many years using both conventional mining and mechanical cutting, the two methods being operated independently of each other. With the rearrangement o...
GeoResources Journal 2-2023 is dedicated to the main topic areas of mining, tunnelling, geotechnics and energy, as well as the special topic: Focus on raw material security and supply chain....
The United Nations have created the “Go Goals!” game for children. You can help to achieve the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and are invited to use the game in your environment...
12.12.2023 - 13.12.2023
14.12.2023 - 15.12.2023
14.12.2023 - 15.12.2023
GEOTEC HANOI 2023 – The 5th International Conference on Geotechnics for Sustainable Infrastructure Development
18.12.2023 - 19.12.2023
World’s longest Railway Tunnel Project – supported by innovative Conveyor Digitalisation and reliable Engineering
17. October 2022 (2003 Clicks)
The consortium BTC Brennero Tunnel Construction and the Hosch Group jointly delivered on a world-class tunnelling project by combining excellent engineering with the innovative remote monitoring system Hoschiris Discover.
27. December 2018 (13366 Clicks)
Das Buch 4 der Buchreihe „Dokumentation der technischen Entwicklung bei der RAG“ zeigt die Entwicklungen der vergangenen fünf Jahrzehnte im Bereich Logistik der RAG. Die Logistik unter Tage wurde durch die flächige Entwicklung des Steinkohlenbergbaus, z.B. durch Anschluss- oder Verbundbergwerke, und die Zunahme der Gewinnungsteufe vor erhebliche Herausforderungen gestellt.
27.11.2023 (562 Clicks)
22.11.2023 (165 Clicks)
24.11.2023 (149 Clicks)